Dipanapachanadi kathanam (pharmacological definitions) mentioned in the Sarngadhara Samhita 📖
Significant terms used in Ayurveda in relation to herbs and substances 🌿
These definitions are great for all Ayurveda students – we suggest memorising these terms in Sanskrit and their meanings ✏️
- Deepana – These are herbs and substances that kindle the Jatharagni but do not digest Ama 🔥 Fennel would be an example of this.
- Pachana 🌿 These are herbs that digest Ama. Chitraka is an example of this.
- Samsamana ⚖️ These are herbs that pacify a vitiated dosha in their own place but do not eliminate them. The drug of choice is Guduchi.
- Anulomana – herbs which help to eliminate mala (stool) after proper digestion 💩 The drug of choice is Haritaki.
- Sramsana – Herbs that expel waste that is adhered to the intestine 🌿The drug of choice is Aragwadha.
- Bhedana – The herbs which brake up hard faecal matter and push it out 👇🏼One of the best bhedana herbs is Katuki.
- Rechana – Wether pakwa (digested) or apakwa (improperly digested) the stool is made liquid and expelled out ⬇️ The drug of choice is Trivrit.
- Vamana – Herbs which remove vitiated Pitta and Kapha from the stomach through the mouth (emetics) 🥱 are called vamana dravya. The drug of choice is Madanaphala.
- Samsodhana – The herbs which remove vitiated dosha either from the upwards ⬆️ route or the downward ⬇️ route of the body are called samsodhana dravya.
- Lekhana – The drugs which remove waste from the body after drying them up are called as lekhana dravya. Herbs of choice are honey 🍯 hot water and guggulu.
- Grahi – Drugs that have Deepana Pachana properties (please see above for the term definition) 🔥 Herbs such as ginger, cumin and Pippali.
- Stambhana – These herbs have a stopping action, holding body fluids 🛑 They have an action of vata dosha by ruksha (dry), sheeta (cold) and kashaya (astringent).
- Rasayana – Drugs that help delay of old age and strengthen 💪🏼 the immune system. Herbs of choice are Amalaki, Haritaki and Guduchi.
- Vajikarana – The herbs which increase virility and fertility 🤰🏻are called Vajikarana dravya. The herb of choice is Nagabala and kapikacchu.
- Sukshma – Drugs that can enter even the minutest 🤏🏼 pores of the body are called sukshma. Some examples are said have, nimba thaila and castor oil.
- Abhisyandi – Herbs and substances which are unctuous and heavy for digestion cause the Rasayana srota to block ❌ Curd is an example.
Thus ends the fourth chapter of Sarangadhara Samhita. The reference for these terms is from the Sarngadhara Samhita 📕
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* 𝘗𝘭𝘦𝘢𝘴𝘦 𝘯𝘰𝘵𝘦 𝘵𝘩𝘢𝘵 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘴𝘦 𝘤𝘭𝘢𝘪𝘮𝘴 𝘩𝘢𝘷𝘦 𝘯𝘰𝘵 𝘣𝘦𝘦𝘯 𝘢𝘱𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘥 𝘣𝘺 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘛𝘎𝘈. 𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘪𝘯𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘮𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘷𝘪𝘥𝘦𝘥 𝘪𝘴 𝘯𝘰𝘵 𝘮𝘦𝘢𝘯𝘵 𝘵𝘰 𝘣𝘦 𝘶𝘴𝘦𝘥 𝘵𝘰 𝘥𝘪𝘢𝘨𝘯𝘰𝘴𝘦 𝘰𝘳 𝘵𝘳𝘦𝘢𝘵 𝘢𝘯𝘺𝘰𝘯𝘦 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘴𝘩𝘰𝘶𝘭𝘥 𝘯𝘰𝘵 𝘣𝘦 𝘵𝘢𝘬𝘦𝘯 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩𝘰𝘶𝘵 𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘴𝘶𝘭𝘵𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘢𝘯 𝘈𝘺𝘶𝘳𝘷𝘦𝘥𝘪𝘤 𝘱𝘩𝘺𝘴𝘪𝘤𝘪𝘢𝘯. 𝘞𝘦 𝘥𝘰 𝘯𝘰𝘵 𝘨𝘶𝘢𝘳𝘢𝘯𝘵𝘦𝘦 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘢𝘴𝘴𝘶𝘮𝘦 𝘯𝘰 𝘭𝘦𝘨𝘢𝘭 𝘭𝘪𝘢𝘣𝘪𝘭𝘪𝘵𝘺 𝘰𝘳 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘱𝘰𝘯𝘴𝘪𝘣𝘭𝘺 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘢𝘤𝘤𝘶𝘳𝘢𝘤𝘺, 𝘤𝘶𝘳𝘳𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘺 𝘰𝘳 𝘤𝘰𝘮𝘱𝘭𝘦𝘵𝘦𝘯𝘦𝘴𝘴 𝘰𝘧 𝘪𝘯𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘮𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘵𝘢𝘪𝘯𝘦𝘥 𝘪𝘯 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘴𝘦 𝘮𝘢𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘪𝘢𝘭𝘴.