Asthi, Majja and Shukra Dhatus

This is a continuity from our facebook articles about the Saptadhatus (seven body tissues). From digested food (ahara rasa) the seven body tissues are formed.

The Saptadhatus are

1. Rasa – Plasma
2. Rakta – Blood
3. Mamas – Muscle
4. Medas – adipose tissue
5. Asthi – bone and cartilage
6. Majja– bone marrow
7. Shukra – reproductive fluids.

We have talked about Rasa, Rakta, Mamsa, Meda and now we are looking at Asthi, Majja and Shukra dhatu. If you have missed the articles just scroll back on our facebook page.

Asthi dhatu denotes the bones and cartilage. Asthi dhatu is derived from medodhatu.

‘Stha’ means to stand, which is a function of the skeletal system.
Asthi or bone is which gives structure and stability to the body it is also protecting the internal organs and is nourishing the nervous tissue. It is derived from earth and wind element.
The upadhatu (secondary) tissue are teeth. This is the reason why often in osteoporosis or other imbalances in the asthi dhatu/ bone tissue the teeth are also weakened.
It’s Karma are dharana (support) and majjapusti (nourishes the bone marrow).

Asthi dhatu supports the muscle tissue (mamsa) and the body systems.

There is also evidently some connection between the nourishment of medas (adipose tissue) and asthi as disease of one often affect the other.
The evidence for a connection between obesity and osteoporosis is strong. This could be explained that excess fatty tissue appears to antagonise the asthidhatvagni leading to a weak supply of transformed nutrition from the circulating rasa dhatu. (See picture)

Herbs which nourish the asthi dhatu are guggulu and shallaki (both are hard resinous herbs).

Asthi dhatu is heavy, rough, hard, solid and static. Charaka has mentioned 360 asthi (bones) and Sushruta mentioned 300 asthi.

Symptoms of increased Asthi dhatu:
Hypertrophy of bones
Extra teeth formation
Hypercalcinosis

Symptoms of decreased Asthi dhatu
Osteoporosis
Bone and joint pain
Rickets
Hair loss
Fatigue
Brittle nails and teeth

Charaka mentioned in the Sutra sthana that the treatment fo asthi dhatu should be done with Panchakarma treatment, basti (enema) by using ksheera (milk), sarpi (ghee) and tikta rasa drugs.

Majja dhatus (bone marrow and nerve tissue) is derived from asthi dhatu.
Majja fills the empty space in the body (bone, brain cavity, spine and nerve channels) and it is the tissue that carries nervous electrical impulses. It’s etymological root is ‘maj’ which means to sink, and this sinking quality keeps us grounded. A sara majja (balanced majja dhatu) person is clear thinking, focused and filled with compassion.

Herbs to nourish Majja dhatu are ashwagandha, bala and walnuts are very beneficial.

The karma (action) of majja dhatu are asthipurana (fills the bones) balakara (gives strength), shukrapusti (nourishes shukra).

Symptoms of increased sate of Majja dhatu:
Bone and joint disease
Sensation of heaviness
Tumours of pineal and pituitary gland
Manifestation of deep seated abscesses in joints

Symptoms if decreased state of Majja dhatu:
Giddiness, dizziness, fainting
Debility
Delusion, feeling of emptiness and fear
Dark ring around the eyes, seeing darned in front of the eyes
Demyelination, Multiple Sclerosis
Parkinson

The seventh Dhatu is Shukra dhatu (reproductive fluids). Shukra dhatu is formed as a snehaamsha (essence) of majja dhatu.
Shukra dhatu oozes out from the inner majja through the finest pores of asthi just as the water leaks out from a new earthen pot and thus the shukra melts just like the ghrita pinda (butter) on heating.

Shukra dhatu does not have any associated tissues (upadhatu) or a specific waste product (mala).
However some Ayurvedic scholars believe that the beard and moustache in male are waste of shukra dhatu and ojas are upadhatu, which is not accepted by all scholars.
Sufficient shukra dhatu is needed to create Ojas (vital essence).

Increased shukra dhatu shows in Increased sex drive and decreased sate will result in impotency, weakness and infertility.

Herbs good for Shukra dhatu are ashwagandha, kapikacchu, bala, gokshura and shatavari.

Charaka mentioned in the Sutra sthana that the treatment for majja and shukra dhatu is done with anna (diets), of madhura and tikta rasa (sweet and bitter tastes), vyavaya, vyayama (excercise) and shuddhi kale cha matraya (proper elimination fo doshas in proper time).
Ch. Su 28:28

This are the 7 dhatus (bodily tissues) mentioned in the ayurvedic classical text.
We hope you enjoy learning more about the fundamental principles of Ayurveda.
We are holding a workshop on this topic o Saturday 8th of June at Lakshmi Ayurveda.

With love your Lakshmi Ayurveda team 🌿

* 𝘗𝘭𝘦𝘢𝘴𝘦 𝘯𝘰𝘵𝘦 𝘵𝘩𝘢𝘵 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘴𝘦 𝘤𝘭𝘢𝘪𝘮𝘴 𝘩𝘢𝘷𝘦 𝘯𝘰𝘵 𝘣𝘦𝘦𝘯 𝘢𝘱𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘥 𝘣𝘺 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘛𝘎𝘈. 𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘪𝘯𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘮𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘷𝘪𝘥𝘦𝘥 𝘪𝘴 𝘯𝘰𝘵 𝘮𝘦𝘢𝘯𝘵 𝘵𝘰 𝘣𝘦 𝘶𝘴𝘦𝘥 𝘵𝘰 𝘥𝘪𝘢𝘨𝘯𝘰𝘴𝘦 𝘰𝘳 𝘵𝘳𝘦𝘢𝘵 𝘢𝘯𝘺𝘰𝘯𝘦 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘴𝘩𝘰𝘶𝘭𝘥 𝘯𝘰𝘵 𝘣𝘦 𝘵𝘢𝘬𝘦𝘯 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩𝘰𝘶𝘵 𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘴𝘶𝘭𝘵𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘢𝘯 𝘈𝘺𝘶𝘳𝘷𝘦𝘥𝘪𝘤 𝘱𝘩𝘺𝘴𝘪𝘤𝘪𝘢𝘯. 𝘞𝘦 𝘥𝘰 𝘯𝘰𝘵 𝘨𝘶𝘢𝘳𝘢𝘯𝘵𝘦𝘦 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘢𝘴𝘴𝘶𝘮𝘦 𝘯𝘰 𝘭𝘦𝘨𝘢𝘭 𝘭𝘪𝘢𝘣𝘪𝘭𝘪𝘵𝘺 𝘰𝘳 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘱𝘰𝘯𝘴𝘪𝘣𝘭𝘺 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘢𝘤𝘤𝘶𝘳𝘢𝘤𝘺, 𝘤𝘶𝘳𝘳𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘺 𝘰𝘳 𝘤𝘰𝘮𝘱𝘭𝘦𝘵𝘦𝘯𝘦𝘴𝘴 𝘰𝘧 𝘪𝘯𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘮𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘵𝘢𝘪𝘯𝘦𝘥 𝘪𝘯 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘴𝘦 𝘮𝘢𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘪𝘢𝘭𝘴.

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